Review: Top 10 Architects in India
Architects in India are institution in themselves who have created a space of their own without bending on what they believe in. Here we will discuss some of the top 10 architects that best portray their respective distinguished styles keeping in mind all physical aspects.
Top 10 Architects
- Charles Correa- Born in 1930, master architect, urban planner and activist. He is credited for the creation of modern architecture in postmodern India. His design is not only limited to aesthetics or technology but focuses primarily on function of the particular building. The sensitivity to culture, climate and site in designs increases the layers within the design. He had a deep understanding of spaces and how to achieve a particular feeling in a space. The experience created for the user is the key aspect of his approach, which also makes the projects timeless.
Key projects- Kanchanjunga Apartments in Mumbai, Bharat Bhavan in Bhopal,Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya in Ahmedabad.
- Achyut Kanvinde- Born in 1916, in the Konkan region of Maharashtra was greatly influences by his painter father. Designs by Kanvinde were driven by functionalism and brutalism. Due to his attempt at exposing the structure of buildings, a new perspective was created to view a building. At the same time due to the use of local materials, the buildings looked very traditional. His attempt was to make buildings look traditionally modern.
Key projects- IIT Kanpur campus, National Science Center in Delhi, The National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) in New Delhi.
- Raj Rewal: The philosophy that he follows broadly states that design should meet the rapid growth in urbanization, climate and culture. He tries to solve the problem of critical regionalism in which the attempt is to keep the historical monuments of India alive in the modern buildings.
Key projects- Pragati Maidan in Delhi, Asiad games complex in Delhi.
- B.V. Doshi: Born In 1927, he became the first Indian to win the Pritzker Architecture Prize. He sticks to the principals taught by his Guru, Le Corbusier, which are to respond to climate, tradition, function and structure. He likes to play with scale and proportion, light and shadows in his buildings. When all these elements come together in a design, it can give life to any structure.
Key projects- Sangath in Ahmedabad, IIM in Bangalore, Amdavad ni Gufa in Ahmedabad.
- Laurie Baker- He was born in 1917 in England but moved to India in 1945 and continued to practice architecture here itself. Minimalist in his approach, Baker worked towards creating energy-efficient, affordable structures with exposed materials. He understood brick as material very well and reinvented the way brick was used as a material. His attention to details using simple local materials created exemplary designs which are true in every form.
Key projects- The Indian coffee house and The Hamlet in Thiruvananthapuram.
- Anant Raje- He was born in Mumbai in 1929. Louis Kahn largely influenced his work as he worked with him for 4 years. His designs exhibited the use of bold geometric shapes and forms; play in textures, negative and positive spaces, light and ventilation are notable expressions of his design.
Key projects- Indian Institute of Forest Management in Bhopal, Galbhabhai Training Institute in Palanpur.
- Christopher Charles Benninger: Born in America in 1942, he shifted to India in 1971 on invitation by B.V Doshi. The use of symmetry is very prominent in his designs. His projects are modern but at the same time vernacular. His unique concepts have made him an internationally acclaimed architect.
Key projects- Suzlon One earth in Pune, Royal Supreme court in Bhutan.
- Hasmukh Patel- He was born in a small village in Gujarat in 1933. He made significant contributions to contemporary architecture in India. He believed that instead of a design philosophy his designs should generate a humane environment.
Key projects- St. Xavier’s school and Reserve Bank of India in Ahmedabad.
- Gerard da Cunha– He was born in 1955, in Gujarat and started his practice in his hometown Goa. His work is greatly influenced by Architect Laurie Baker. He uses natural materials like stone and recycles waste materials in his designs. There is a strong connection between the interior and exterior spaces in his projects. He constant endeavor is to control temperature with the use of passive cooling techniques and materials.
Key projects- Houses of Goa museum in Panjim and Nrityagram in Bangalore.
- Bimal Patel: Born in 1961, he practices architecture and city planning in Ahmedabad. His father Architect Hasmukh Patel is his foremost inspiration and role model. He started working with his father in 1990. The firm strongly believes that design is a problem solving process and with this philosophy they have managed to deliver some extra ordinary projects.
Key projects- Sabarmati riverfront development and the new campus for IIM in Ahmedabad
Architects Firm In India
Art and Architecture are usually reflection of a society at a particular time and these legends have created masterpieces, which are timeless and can fit in any generation. As an architects firm, we believe we should live by these examples and try carrying the baton with responsibility and not let down the legacy left by our masters.